Over at Frum Forum, Howard Foster writes:
If ethnicity is not a factor, then immigration laws cannot be enforced. Again, the Pew Hispanic Center confirms that 76% of the 11.9 million illegal immigrants in the U.S. are Hispanic. Should all Hispanics be suspected of being illegal? Certainly not. But should law enforcement take that into account? How can they not? Suppose an ICE agent pulls over a van filled with 20 Hispanics and learns from the driver that he is on his way to a chicken processing plant, and it is early in the morning. If the driver can produce a valid drivers’ license, the ICE agent should still be allowed to question the other passengers because it is common knowledge that illegal immigrants tend to be Hispanics, tend to be driven in crowded vans, and tend to work in chicken plants. The racially blind approach would draw no suspicion from these factors and simply let the driver of the van proceed despite the fact the passengers are likely illegal immigrants.
We cannot have immigration law enforcement without common sense attention to ethnicity.
If it is known that illegal immigrants tend to work in chicken plants, ICE agents can go to chicken plants and verify that the workers there are in the country legally, without paying any attention to ethnicity at all. That may involve demanding paperwork from some employees that common sense suggests are obviously American citizens. And as Megan McArdle explains, that is as it should be. It simply isn’t true that enforcing immigration laws requires racial profiling.